FreeMarker freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException: [... Exception message was already printed; se

22:01:19,793 ERROR freemarker.log._Log4jLoggerFactory$Log4jLogger error:59 -> Error executing FreeMarker template

FreeMarker template error:

The following has evaluated to null or missing:

==> result  [in template "login.html" at line 25, column 61]


----

Tip: If the failing expression is known to be legally refer to something that's sometimes null or missing, either specify a default value like myOptionalVar!myDefault, or use <#if myOptionalVar??>when-present<#else>when-missing</#if>. (These only cover the last step of the expression; to cover the whole expression, use parenthesis: (myOptionalVar.foo)!myDefault, (myOptionalVar.foo)??

----


----

FTL stack trace ("~" means nesting-related):

- Failed at: ${result}  [in template "login.html" at line 25, column 59]

----


Java stack trace (for programmers):

----

freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException: [... Exception message was already printed; see it above ...]

at freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException.getInstance(InvalidReferenceException.java:134)

at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.coerceModelToTextualCommon(EvalUtil.java:451)

at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.coerceModelToStringOrMarkup(EvalUtil.java:374)

at freemarker.core.DollarVariable.calculateInterpolatedStringOrMarkup(DollarVariable.java:96)

at freemarker.core.DollarVariable.accept(DollarVariable.java:59)

at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:327)

at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:333)

at freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:306)

at freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:386)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.processTemplate(FreeMarkerView.java:367)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.doRender(FreeMarkerView.java:284)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.renderMergedTemplateModel(FreeMarkerView.java:234)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractTemplateView.renderMergedOutputModel(AbstractTemplateView.java:167)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:303)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1282)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:1037)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:980)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:897)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:970)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:861)

at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:622)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:846)

at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:729)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:292)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:207)

at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:52)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:240)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:207)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:330)

at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.invoke(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:118)

at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.doFilter(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:84)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.access.ExceptionTranslationFilter.doFilter(ExceptionTranslationFilter.java:113)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.session.SessionManagementFilter.doFilter(SessionManagementFilter.java:103)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.doFilter(AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.java:113)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.servletapi.SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.java:54)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.savedrequest.RequestCacheAwareFilter.doFilter(RequestCacheAwareFilter.java:45)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.doFilter(AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.java:183)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutFilter.doFilter(LogoutFilter.java:105)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.session.ConcurrentSessionFilter.doFilter(ConcurrentSessionFilter.java:125)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.context.SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.java:87)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilterInternal(FilterChainProxy.java:192)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:160)

at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:346)

at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:262)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:240)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:207)

at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:197)

at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:240)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:207)

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:212)

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:94)

at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:504)

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:141)

at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:79)

at org.apache.catalina.valves.AbstractAccessLogValve.invoke(AbstractAccessLogValve.java:620)

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:88)

at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:502)

at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1104)

at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:684)

at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1519)

at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(NioEndpoint.java:1475)

at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142)

at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617)

at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)

at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)

三月 20, 2017 10:01:19 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve invoke

严重: Servlet.service() for servlet [appServlet] in context with path [/exammc2] threw exception [Request processing failed; nested exception is freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException: The following has evaluated to null or missing:

==> result  [in template "login.html" at line 25, column 61]


----

Tip: If the failing expression is known to be legally refer to something that's sometimes null or missing, either specify a default value like myOptionalVar!myDefault, or use <#if myOptionalVar??>when-present<#else>when-missing</#if>. (These only cover the last step of the expression; to cover the whole expression, use parenthesis: (myOptionalVar.foo)!myDefault, (myOptionalVar.foo)??

----


----

FTL stack trace ("~" means nesting-related):

- Failed at: ${result}  [in template "login.html" at line 25, column 59]

----] with root cause

FreeMarker template error:

The following has evaluated to null or missing:

==> result  [in template "login.html" at line 25, column 61]


----

Tip: If the failing expression is known to be legally refer to something that's sometimes null or missing, either specify a default value like myOptionalVar!myDefault, or use <#if myOptionalVar??>when-present<#else>when-missing</#if>. (These only cover the last step of the expression; to cover the whole expression, use parenthesis: (myOptionalVar.foo)!myDefault, (myOptionalVar.foo)??

----


----

FTL stack trace ("~" means nesting-related):

- Failed at: ${result}  [in template "login.html" at line 25, column 59]

----


Java stack trace (for programmers):

----

freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException: [... Exception message was already printed; see it above ...]

at freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException.getInstance(InvalidReferenceException.java:134)

at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.coerceModelToTextualCommon(EvalUtil.java:451)

at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.coerceModelToStringOrMarkup(EvalUtil.java:374)

at freemarker.core.DollarVariable.calculateInterpolatedStringOrMarkup(DollarVariable.java:96)

at freemarker.core.DollarVariable.accept(DollarVariable.java:59)

at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:327)

at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:333)

at freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:306)

at freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:386)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.processTemplate(FreeMarkerView.java:367)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.doRender(FreeMarkerView.java:284)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.renderMergedTemplateModel(FreeMarkerView.java:234)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractTemplateView.renderMergedOutputModel(AbstractTemplateView.java:167)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:303)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1282)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:1037)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:980)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:897)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:970)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:861)

at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:622)

at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:846)

at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:729)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:292)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:207)

at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:52)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:240)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:207)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:330)

at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.invoke(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:118)

at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.doFilter(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:84)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.access.ExceptionTranslationFilter.doFilter(ExceptionTranslationFilter.java:113)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.session.SessionManagementFilter.doFilter(SessionManagementFilter.java:103)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.doFilter(AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.java:113)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.servletapi.SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.java:54)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.savedrequest.RequestCacheAwareFilter.doFilter(RequestCacheAwareFilter.java:45)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.doFilter(AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.java:183)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutFilter.doFilter(LogoutFilter.java:105)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.session.ConcurrentSessionFilter.doFilter(ConcurrentSessionFilter.java:125)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.context.SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.java:87)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:342)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilterInternal(FilterChainProxy.java:192)

at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:160)

at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:346)

at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:262)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:240)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:207)

at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:197)

at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:240)

at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:207)

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:212)

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:94)

at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:504)

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:141)

at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:79)

at org.apache.catalina.valves.AbstractAccessLogValve.invoke(AbstractAccessLogValve.java:620)

at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:88)

at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:502)

at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1104)

at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:684)

at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1519)

at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(NioEndpoint.java:1475)

at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142)

at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617)

at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)

at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)

使用 FreeMarker 发生这个错,一般就是没有增加空判断,只需要将你的取值后面加上 ! 号即可,如:${result!}